Urban Displacement in Medellín, Colombia
Medellín, Colombia’s second largest city, has an official population of over 2.2 million people, though estimates are closer to 2.5 million. In the early 1990s, it was the most dangerous city in the world, but now enjoys relative safety. Local government states 600,000 IDPs are currently living there, many of whom cannot, or do not want to return to where they were displaced from, fearing further violence or lack of economic opportunities. The resources of the city are stretched and much needs to be done to improve the conditions that displaced peoples find themselves in.
Interviews were conducted with local government, INGOs, NNGOs and academia to ascertain how different actors have collaborated over the years to combat urban violence and meet the needs of those displaced to Medellín. This formed part of a research piece commissioned by the International Institute for Environment and Development for their Urban Crisis Learning Fund. The full working paper can be found here.