Urban Humanitarian Crises: focus on urban displacement, violence, and collaboration in IDP camps in Juba
Research grant from the International Institute of the Environment and Development (IIED/DFID)
On the 15 December 2013, political divides in the SPLM/A leadership erupted into conflict between the Dinka-affiliated and Nuer-affiliated soldiers in the military barracks in Juba. The violence continued to escalate, spreading into the streets of Juba, and eventually around the country. Most NGOs at the time were developmentbased and not prepared to respond to a rapid-onset emergency. This prompted the evacuation of most non-essential international staff leaving UNMISS to be largely responsible for humanitarian needs in the initial weeks of the crisis
The urban humanitarian response in Juba is complicated for a number of reasons. International actors reported “competing and overlapping government mandates” between the city and national response structures which create confusion over who has ownership of what, and “chronic long term bureaucratic hurdles end up causing humanitarian crises on top of lack of service provision”. This research looked in how local and international humanitarian actors interacted in the response to the violence and conflict in Juba. This research was commissioned by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) as part of the Urban Crisis Learning Fund.